Monday, June 15, 2009


There are actually two types of literature: the prose and the poetry.

Poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings recollected in the tranquility.

While prose would be a spontaneous flow of text thus creating different words, sentences paragraphs being mold into a story.

Fictional Literature:
Drama: Drama is the theatrical dialogue performed on stage, it consists of 5 acts. Tragedy, comedy and melodrama are the sub types of drama.

Tragedy: It is a story of the major character who faces bad luck. Tragedy, elements of horrors and struggle usually concludes with the death of a person.

Comedy: The lead character overcomes the conflicts and overall look of the comedy is full of laughter and the issues are handled very lightly.

The elements used in the comedy are romanticism, exaggeration, surprises and a comic view of life.

Prose Literature: History, journalism, philosophy, fiction and fantasy writings, scientific writings, children's literature authors and writers are included in Prose Literature.

Myth: Myths are the fairy tales with lots of adventure, magic and it lacks scientific proof. Nursery rhymes, songs and lullabies are forms of myths that strike the interest of children. Creative and nature myth are stories of the stars and moon. Magic tales are wonderful tales of quests and fantasy. Hero myths are ideal heroes of adventure.

Short story: The small commercial fiction, true or imaginary, smaller than a novel is known as short story. Short stories are well grouped into easy beginning, concrete theme, some dialogs and ends with resolution. They are oral and short-lived which have gossip, joke, fable, myth, parable, hearsay and legend.

Novel: Novel can be based on comic, crime, detective, adventurous, romantic or political story divided into many parts.

Folk Tale: Folk Tales are traditional stories that have been creating interest since ancient times. The children and old persons like religious story, magic and superstition as well. Fable, tall tales, cumulative, trickster and proverbs are the sub categories of folk tales. Mythology or legend is the ancient religious stories of origin and human civilization.

Nonfiction Literature:

Nonfiction Literature is opposite to fiction as it is informative and comprises the interesting facts with analysis and illustrations.

Main types of Non- fiction literature:

Autobiography and Biography: An autobiography is the story of the author’s own life.

Essay: Generally the authors’ point of view about any particular topic in a detailed way is an essay. Essay has simple way of narrating the main subject; therefore they are descriptive, lengthy, subject oriented and comparative.

Concept of Literature

The word literature derives from the Latin word littera, 'a letter of the alphabet.' The Latin word for literature was simply the plural, litterae, and in this basic sense literature embraces everything written with the letters of the alphabet.
The term is often used to refer to writing that is creative in some way -- the written province, if you will, of the larger country of Art.

LITT1 syllabus

Republic of the Philippines
Cavite State University
Imus, Cavite


I. Course Code : LITT 1

II. Course Title : Philippine Literature

III. Course Description : This course offers a study of Philippine Literature using a thematic approach that accommodates different perspectives of the Filipino experience.

IV. Pre-requisite : None

V. Credit : 3 units

VI. Course Objectives :

This course is designed to empower the students with the ability to comprehend and participate in the evolution and progress of building a cultural identity through the study and appreciation of Philippine Literature. Specifically, the students are expected to:

Comprehend and be able to comment on various literary texts that show aspects of the Filipino condition intersecting with four universal human experiences, namely birth, sex, love, and death.
Learn the various literary forms, devices, movements, and historical issues that give rise to the expression of the Philippine experience and sensibilities in a non-native language;
Understand the social, cultural, historical, and political values engendered in the texts as a basis of the Filipino identity; and examine texts using applicable theoretical paradigms and be able write critical papers and produce creative output.

VII. Course Outline



I. Concept of Literature

1. Literary Genres

2. Theoretical Approaches to Literature

3. Poetry Deconstruction

II. Background and Context of Philippine Literatures:

1. The Development of Philippine Literatures from Pre-colonial Times to the Present Times
2. Philippine Mythology, Folklore and Urban legends
III. Imaging the Filipino Man
1. To the Man I Married by Angela Manalang Gloria
2. Pagkat Lalaki Ka by Michael Coroza

3. The Spouse by Luis Dato

IV. Imaging the Filipino Woman

1.Alunsina and Tungkunglangit
2.Ang Babaeng Nangarap ng Gising
3.Babaeng Namumuhay ng Mag-isa

4.Babae Ka
5.Order for Masks by Virginia Moreno (1954)
Midterm examinations

V. Representing the Filipino Family
1. Breaking Through by Myrna Pena Reyes
2. Mats by Francisco Arcellana

VI. Exploring Filipino Traditions
1. The Wedding Dance by Amador Daguio

VII. Discovering Love and the Filipino
1. Patalim by Cirilo Bautista

2.Bihirang Masulat ang Kaligayahan by Rebecca Anonuevo

3.Bonsai by Edith Tiempo

VIII. Exploring the Filipino Humor
1.My Own Theory of Devolution by Jessica Zafra
2.My Brother’s Peculiar Chicken by Alejandro Roces
3.Servant Girl
4.Mist by Joy Dayrit (1997)

5.Welostit by Romina Gonzales (1997)
IX. Spirituality and the Filipino
1."Is It the Kingfisher?" by Marjorie Evasco

2."The Distance to Andromeda" by Gregorio Brillantes
X. Philippine Drama and Playwright Genres
1.Geegee at Waterina


3. Dalawang Ama

Final Examinations

VIII. Learning Activities

A. Lecture, discussion and end of chapter assignments
B. Advance reading of topics reflected in the course outline
C. Group presentations and projects
D. Individual/Group classroom exercises

IX. Grading system: The work of students shall be graded at the end of each semester in accordance with the absolute grading system, i.e., 60 % as the passing grade.

Quizzes 15%
Critical Essays 15%
Class Participation 30%
Midterm/Final Exam 40%
TOTAL 100%

X. Class Policies

Students of this subject are expected to complete fifty- four lecture hours as the preliminary requirement for this course. Since this course is more on the appreciation of the Philippine

Literature, students are expected to have advanced readings to fully participate in their class discussions.

Attendance will be checked at the onset of the class. Students who are late for more than 15 minutes, will be allowed to attend the class, but will be marked absent for the day. Eleven (11) absences will be considered automatically dropped from the list.

Students without ID and are not in uniform will be permitted to attend the class but will be absent. Exceptions are those who are wearing business attire for presentation of their reports.

Cheating during quizzes, monthly tests and major examinations is strictly prohibited.

Mobile phones, mp3s, iPods, and other electronic gadgets even headsets are not allowed in class.

No special exam or project will be given except for cases such as representing the school in academic activities, illness, or family emergencies.

XI. References:

Lumbera, Bienvenido & Nograles- Lumbera Cynthia(2005).Philippine literature: a history and anthology. Pasig City: Anvil, ©2005.

Articles and reading materials are to be uploaded at

Monday, June 8, 2009